Do you ride an electric bicycle or e-scooter (or at least plan on joining the electric revolution sometime in the near future)? Chances are, you’ve got some questions about riding e-vehicles. Luckily, the Land Transportation Office (LTO) has just released a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) video for electric two-wheeler concerns.
Here’s a quick breakdown of some of the questions covered in the video:
Do all electric vehicles need to be registered?
Short answer, no. Certain electric vehicles such as electric mobility scooters and e-bikes don’t meet the requirements to be classified as a motor vehicle, and as such do not require registration. How will you know if your electric vehicle requires registration? We’ll get to that part in a bit.
What happens if someone without a driver’s license is apprehended on a national road while operating a vehicle that doesn’t require registration?
The individual shall be charged with obstruction, and their electric vehicle will be impounded until they can pay the corresponding fine. Upon payment, the LTO alarm on the rider’s name will be cleared, and their ride will be released from the impound lot.
Are the requirements for registration the same for conventional and electric vehicles?
In essence, registration requirements are the same for both kinds of vehicles. The only difference is that electric vehicles don’t need to undergo emissions testing.
Curious about the electric vehicle classifications? Here’s a handy guide:
Personal mobility scooter
This type of low-powered scooter doesn’t require registration or a driver’s license, and can be operated on private roads, pedestrian walkways, bicycle lanes, and similar lanes designated by the proper authorities. Bicycle helmets are required for this kind of scooter.
E-kick scooters also don’t require registration or a license, and are allowed on barangay roads, bike lanes, and other lanes. Riders are required to wear motorcycle-style helmets.
L1a Vehicles (e-Bikes with a top speed of 25kph)
Neither registration nor a license is needed for this type of e-bike, which can pass through barangay roads, national roads (crossing only), and bicycle lanes. Bike helmets are needed to ride these.
L1b Vehicles (e-Bikes with a top speed between 26 and 50kph)
Regulations for this class are mostly the same as with L1a vehicles. The only difference is that these are also allowed on the outermost part of local roads, main thoroughfares (crossing only), and national highways (crossing only), not to mention the need for motorcycle helmets.
L2a vehicles (3-wheeled mopeds with a top speed of up to 25kph)
E-mopeds under this class can be operated on private and barangay roads, main thoroughfares and national highways (both crossing only), and bicycle lanes. No paperwork required, but you’ll need a bicycle helmet.
L2b vehicles (3-wheeled mopeds with a top speed between 26 and 50kph)
In this category, a license and registration are both required. This type of vehicle can traverse the outermost part of local roads, barangay roads, and can cross main thoroughfares and national highways. Motorcycle helmets are a must.
L3 vehicles (e-motorcycles with a top speed above 50kph)
These vehicles are treated the same way as motorcycles, and require all the same things as its internal combustion counterparts. The Department of Transportation (DOTr) will determine the minimum power output needed for e-motorcycles to enter limited access highways such as tollways.
L4 and L5 vehicles (e-bikes with sidecars and enclosed e-trikes with 26-50kph top speeds)
These need both a license and registration, and may be used on local roads, tertiary national roads, barangay roads, and to cross main thoroughfares and national highways.
L6 and L7 vehicles (light e-quads and heavy e-quads with 26-50kph top speeds)
These small electric four-wheelers have the same requirements and limitations as L4 and L5 vehicles.
The following categories are subject to the same registration and licensing requirements as its regular counterparts:
- M1 vehicles (e-Cars, e-SUVs, E-Vans with 8 seats or less and a gross weight of 3,175kg or less)
- M2 vehicles (e-Jeepneys and other vehicles with more than 8 seats and a 3,265kg to 4,356kg gross weight)
- M3 vehicles (e-Buses with more than 8 seats and a gross weight of over 4,356kgs)
- N1 vehicles (electric cargo vehicles weighing 3,221kg or less)
- N2 vehicles (electric cargo vehicles weighing between 3,266kg and 10,886kgs)
- N3 vehicles (heavy e-Trucks weighing over 10,886kgs)
Hopefully we’ve been able to answer some of your e-vehicle questions. If not, then check out the LTO’s video below for more details:
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